Latest abstract urdu novel is an important genre of literature and the basis of a research paper or research article. If there is no summary at the beginning of the research article, then it does not fall in the category of research article. The summary differs from the commentary.
The summary is a brief or detailed description of the scope of the article or document and the text of the text. The reader decides after reading the summary whether he should read the original document or article now or not. Of course, there is a reason to provide information in a quick and short time. visit here http://novelkitab4u.com/
In the opinion of Atash Durrani, “summarizing a text in such a way that the impression of the text is maintained and no matter what is seen, is called abstract writing”. In contrast, the book’s content and style are key in the commentary, and the positive and negative aspects of the material are briefly described. Commentary is a means of providing the reader with basic information about the book, on the basis of which the reader is able to form an opinion about the document or the book.
Western author Jennifer Raulli, in her book, Abstracting and Indexing, defines summaries as “summarizing the text of a summary document in such a way that it is known as the original document.” This is called a summary of the original article or draft, that is, an extract or summary of any document (article or dissertation).
In Jamia-ul-Laghat, the meanings of abstract are summarized, the best part of something, essence, essence, result, achievement. There are two types of abstracts, one “informative” and the other “descriptive”. An informative summary provides the reader with basic information about the source, while reading a statement or explanatory summary the reader concludes that the source is useful to him and reading the article or book will be useful to him.
When and how did abstraction begin? Nothing can be said with certainty about it. It is believed that it was customary to write briefly about the book on clay tablets, and then on the cover of pen books made on paper. This was the beginning of abstraction. Over time, that is how the art got better and better.
As scholarly material began to emerge with lightning speed in the early nineteenth century, this flood of publishing material created difficulties for researchers and writers on how to be aware of published material on their desired topics. Research and planning were done to control this flood of publications, so the practice of abstraction became common, considering bibliography, indexes as well as abstract writing as a means to achieve these goals. It is said that the first abstract was published in 1803, entitled Diensts Chemischer Information. In Urdu literature, abstraction, commentary and preface are seen together. Expressing one’s opinion on works in such a way that the author requests from an expert before publishing his work, then this process falls under the category of preface or preface. This kind of expression does not criticize the book, but it does suggest a way to improve the book.
The abstract is self-written by the author, so it summarizes what is in it, anyone can comment after the publication of the book, it can be binary and critical. There is no source for summaries in Urdu literature. However, some authors have expressed their views on books in a unique way. We can include them in the category of summaries.
The summary can be summarized as follows:
The abstract saves the reader time
The abstract provides an overview of the published material.
An abstract is a means of summarizing a long article and a large research paper.