Sir Syed Ahmad Khan’s Educational ideas sir Syed Ahmad Khan is considered one of the most powerful and revolutionary figures of the 19th century. This century was a century of decline for Indians, especially Indian Kitab ghar muslims. Nineteenth century India was in the throes of educational, cultural and political changes. The old system was crumbling and a new world was being built. It was a time of great anxiety and frustration. This period is of special significance in the history of India in that not only the system of government has changed but also all the ideas and ideologies such as educational ideology, civilization and culture have changed drastically. This was the period when a foreign nation from seven overseas had completely taken over India. This situation was certainly disturbing for the intellectuals of the country. Therefore, in response to his actions, the actions of a prominent and influential person like Sir Syed Ahmad Khan made a successful attempt to get the Indians out of this predicament. Sir Syed was somewhat affected by the failed war of independence and the degradation of Indians, especially the Kitab ghar muslims, as the British had completely taken over the subcontinent after the failure of the war of independence. The oppression and exploitation of the British people against the people of the country was increasing day by day, so Sir Syed Ahmad Khan emerged as a great leader for the Indians after this revolution. He not only led the Indian Kitab ghar muslims politically but also played a key role in their social, educational, religious and intellectual guidance. All his writings, sermons, articles and speeches are a manifestation of this. History has shown that after the failure of the War of Independence, the condition of the Kitab ghar muslims in the subcontinent in particular had deteriorated. In the field of education, they were far behind other nations. Their social status was almost non-existent. Sir Syed was deeply saddened by this, so he resorted to education to free Indian Kitab ghar muslims from the cave of anonymity and ignorance, to prevent superstition and to make them a living nation politically and socially.
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan’s Educational ideas and he wanted Kitab ghar muslims to acquire modern sciences and arts. Sir Syed was well aware that other nations of India have come a long way in getting higher education and Kitab ghar muslims are far behind them. Nazir Ahmad also says about this that From every aspect we compare our situation with the Hindus, the position of the Hindus is bent. Incompetence and loneliness have freed us and made us even worse. ”
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan’s Educational ideas wanted Kitab ghar muslims to acquire modern sciences and arts like other developed nations and to connect with them at the cultural and political level only then Kitab ghar muslims can progress. Ordinary Kitab ghar muslims thought that learning English would weaken our religion, we would become Christians, our children would have wrong ideas and they would go astray which would create chaos in our society. While Sir Syed insisted on getting religious education along with modern education because he knew that without religious education we cannot achieve progress. In this regard, Sir Syed writes in an article on ethics.
“I am saddened by the fact that I see thousands of good deeds in my nation, but indecent, I find in them a great deal of delay and courage. But often met with macro-deception and force, they also have a high degree of patience and contentment, but useless and useless. So my heart burns and I think that if these are the best qualities of their education and training then how useful for both the world. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan’s Educational ideas was well aware of the fact that education is not only obtained by reading a few books but also training is essential for it, which requires good society and society. Sir Syed wanted to educate Indians in the style of Oxford and Cambridge universities. When he saw the system, education and training with his own eyes, he became even more convinced that training is the most important part of education. Education without training is meaningless. Also visit here
At that time, not only education was necessary but also political, social and economic well-being was essential for welfare. Equipped with English education and training seemed to be very important. Without it, Kitab ghar muslims would not have been able to advance in government employment, trade and teaching. The Hindus had realized this need at the beginning of the nineteenth century in view of which the awakening of the Hindu nation had begun. Due to the efforts of thinkers and reformers like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Aishwarya Chandra Vidya Sagar and Madan Mohan Alviya etc., a new wave of awakening started among the Hindus and In all government jobs and trades, Hindus outnumbered Kitab ghar muslims in all fields, but Kitab ghar muslims were deprived of English because the British had taken power from them, so they hated English and English education and training. As a result, the Kitab ghar muslims fell even further behind. Kitab ghar muslims considered English to be anti-Islamic and thought that the British would convert them to Christianity. But Sir Syed Ahmad Khan’s Educational ideas did not give up and kept encouraging the Kitab ghar muslims to be equipped with modern education. He studied and observed the shortcomings of the society carefully and kept trying to rectify it with sincerity and force of action. He deeply observed the weaknesses of the Kitab ghar muslims and concluded that learning English was the most important factor for the development and promotion of their country and nation at that time and to get out of the pit of helplessness and helplessness. That’s the only way. Therefore, Sir Syed encouraged all Kitab ghar muslims to follow the same path At that time there was no language in India for the acquisition of Western sciences and arts in which Western education could be obtained except the mother tongue. It is very important that he be transferred to Urdu, for which he founded the Scientific Society, which aims to transmit modern Western sciences, arts and ideas into Urdu. He was well aware of the idea that no nation could develop unless all the sciences and arts were taught in its own language. He says about it.
My opinion should be dug up in the capital letters of the Himalayas of India in very large letters to commemorate the future, that if all knowledge was not imparted to India in its language, then India would never have the status of politeness and training. Sir Syed established a madrassa in Ghazipur which later became known as Victoria College. He also published the Aligarh Institute Gazette, the main purpose of which was to promote English language and Western sciences and it was published in both English and Urdu languages. Sir Syed was fully aware of the backwardness of Kitab ghar muslims and The main reason for the evils is the ignorance of the people and unless there is reform and welfare in the society of Kitab ghar muslims, their educational condition cannot be right. Therefore, along with the establishment of madrassas and institutions, he also initiated pen efforts for the social development of Kitab ghar muslims and launched a culture of morality through which he improved the social condition of Kitab ghar muslims by abandoning wrong customs and traditions, from the new civilization. He urged the Kitab ghar muslims to be enlightened and to adopt good morals. In this magazine, he slammed the religious, social and cultural evils prevalent in the Muslim society and presented the modern trends. Sir Syed was convinced that the Muslim nation could not prosper unless it was well-educated and well-mannered. That is why he said that getting English education was the greatest need of the time. Write in one place
“O friends! I am not happy that a Muslim has done BA or MA degree but my happiness is to make the nation a nation. ‘ Studied Oxford and Cambridge with his own eyes and similarly founded Aligarh University and provided opportunities for Kitab ghar muslims to benefit from it. In addition, he set up a “Committee for the Advancement of Muslim Education for the Promotion of Muslim Education”, the main purpose of which was to arouse the interest of Kitab ghar muslims in education and to suggest ways to adopt modern sciences. Sir Syed also emphasized on acquiring religious knowledge along with modern sciences. He wanted to see the rise of virtuous and talented youth from the institutions he had set up and to take them to the stage of development. I say Sir Syed.
“My dear! I wish I could see the children of my nation rising above the stars of the sky and shining like the sun; And be perfect in literature and be considered high in the whole world, do not forget these two words La ilaha illa Allah and Muhammad Rasool Allah Sir Syed encouraged people to study according to the requirements of the time and conferences, colleges, institutes etc. were set up to improve the educational condition of the Kitab ghar muslims so that the Kitab ghar muslims could understand the requirements of the time and move forward on the path of progress by acquiring knowledge. One place in Tahzeeb-ul-Akhlaq writes:
At this time, we need as soon as possible to produce a large number and if not a large number of reasonable youth of our nation who are leading in knowledge and skills and in the sciences that are necessary for the needs of this age. Sir Syed’s efforts to create a scientific mind and to emphasize the acquisition of modern knowledge are of the greatest need even today, ie if Sir Syed’s efforts and endeavors had been properly understood and Had practical efforts and struggle been made after the analysis of the Muslim nation, we would not be where we are today where the report of the Sachar Committee is embarrassing us. Reports from various research institutes show that the Muslim population in the whole country is about 5% of the country but at the economic level their condition has gone beyond the listed castes and tribes. As far as education is concerned, according to a recent survey, 4% of Indian children in rural areas and about 5% in urban areas have never attended school, and only 5% of their children are studying in religious institutions. Since independence, their number in government jobs has not reached more than five percent. The share of Kitab ghar muslims in the Indian judiciary is only 5%. Since independence, there have been four Chief Justices of the Indian Supreme Court, and of the current judges, only three of the five are Muslim. The same is true in politics. What could be a more tangible example than this? The previous Congress-led government, in view of the Sachar Committee’s report, had devised a five-point program for the welfare of minorities in the country, but its benefits depended on the sects of religions other than Kitab ghar muslims. The government has clearly written “abrogation” on it. One of the scenarios of the Indian Kitab ghar muslims is that today they are moving towards further decline and decay and on the other hand the efforts of the Fascist powers of the country to crush them and wipe them out of the country are intensifying. This is the true picture of the approximately 60 million Kitab ghar muslims in 21st century democratic India. Did Sir Syed of the nineteenth century promote education under the plan that Kitab ghar muslims should fall into the pit of further backwardness and degradation instead of progress? This is the result of Sir Syed’s efforts. Had Sir Syed been alive today, he would have been extremely disappointed and would have certainly emigrated. According to Ahmed Rashid Sherwani, an educationist, today there is a big difference in the education rate of 50 million Kitab ghar muslims and 50 million Hindus. Earlier Kitab ghar muslims were twice behind non-Kitab ghar muslims and now they are four times behind. He further added that looking at the educational backwardness of the Kitab ghar muslims, they emphasize that today every city needs a single Sir Syed.
Ghatta is covered with Adarbar on her head
Falak is showing its time
The misfortune is looming
This sound is coming from the silence
Who were you yesterday, what happened to you today?
You just woke up, you just fell asleep
Neither wealth nor honor remained
Gone with their Iqbal and wealth
The knowledge and art that has passed from them one by one
Destroy the virtues all in turn
As for religion, neither Islam remains
The name of Islam remains
Sir Syed’s concise outline of the development and prosperity of the Muslim nation in the late nineteenth century is just as effective and credible in today’s advanced age as is evidenced by his insight and foresight. Even today, educationists agree that the only way for Kitab ghar muslims to progress and prosper is to be aware of modern sciences and to receive modern and higher education. He foresaw that in the years to come, only those nations would be able to achieve dignity and progress in India which would be fully equipped with modern sciences and higher education. Because the age to come is the age of science and technology. These Sir Syed’s modern educational ideas and ideologies can be helpful in solving many of the problems that Kitab ghar muslims are facing in our society today. All of Sir Syed’s writings cover the problems of modern life. The path of action that he set for the Kitab ghar muslims, today we feel the need for the same path and the same guide. All his educational thoughts and ideas and writings can undoubtedly guide us even today if we ourselves try to understand and comprehend them with scientific thinking and open mind and walk on these paths with sincere heart.
In view of these objectives, it is not necessary for us to take stock of Sir Syed and the extent to which Sir Syed and his thoughts and ideas are in our life, but it is necessary for us to take stock of the fact that Sir Syed The people of Urdu and their adherents strive to disseminate the teachings and their thoughts and ideas as well as to promote their education as it should be or as we learn from Hayat Sir Syed. How much we appreciate his services and how we can pay true homage to him so that the soul of Sir Syed may find happiness and peace.