Maulana Abul Kalam Azad gives standard and credibility to Urdu journalism by Razdan Shahid, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a genius and promising person. His religious, scholarly, literary, political, national and national services are very diverse and varied. Among the extraordinary mental and intellectual abilities that imprinted his deepest impressions on the hearts and minds of the people and influenced the whole era and environment, was a very prominent feature of his journalism which was his favorite for a long time. Hobby remained. Journalism was the beginning of his scholarly and literary life. Journalism was the means of fulfilling his mission for him. Journalism was given great dignity, honor and dignity by Maulana. Maulana Azad did not have a teacher in journalism. He was his own teacher. Did not receive training from At that time it had no arrangement and no operation. Maulana’s own God-given ability and extraordinary intelligence was his teacher and guide. The newspaper or magazine which he touched was given four moons. The master of editing Maulana devised for himself. And there were Turkish Arabic newspapers and magazines which came to Maulana. It is also worth mentioning that Maulana was aware of the techniques of journalism and its modern principles and codes and he did his best to modernize his journalism. Emphasis on newspaper get-up, printing and decoration, arranging typing, despite the lack of resources and resources to get your newspaper out of the country’s other language newspapers better and better, taking great care in news and articles and in printing. They cared about beauty. He considered journalism to be a powerful tool to breathe life into the country and the nation and to create a revolution.
Maulana’s journalistic career began at the age of about ten or eleven years. Old age At the age of eleven, poetry has been written by others, but this is probably the first and last example of regular editorial at this age. If left unchecked, this magazine will be published on January 2. Al-Misbah did not run for more than three or four months, but the pen continued to run. One article on the newspaper and its benefits and the other on Halat Khaqani Sherwani are relics of the same period. In May, he wrote an article about the power of the press, “Makhzan” for Lahore. It was a prominent literary magazine whose editor was Abdul Qadir Azad. There could be no greater distinction than for a person to edit his own pamphlet. During this period, the monthly poetry magazine of Munshi Nawbat Rai Nazar, Khadang Nazar, was added to the prose section in Lucknow and its editing was entrusted to Azad. In which Maulana’s articles continued to be published with all its splendor, every aspect of literature was tested. An important event of this year is the publication of “Ilan-ul-Haq”. This is Maulana’s first miscellaneous work according to research so far. For a few days, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad novel was also involved in the editing of “Adro Diggit” of “Shah Jahanpur”, but this is a ground and marginal event. Al-Misbah and Ahsan-ul-Akhbar are the only two newspapers that have a basic status. Couldn’t get out regularly due to difficulties and some independent illness. A total of twelve issues were published, including eight several-week joint issues. They set the following objectives for their magazine.
(1) Social reform of Muslims.
(2) Promoting Urdu especially in Bengal.
(3) Training of literary tastes in intellectuals.
(4) Criticism of literary works.
“Lisan al-Siddiq” shows. This pamphlet became very popular. Well-known magazines of the country like “Vakil” published very good comments in Amritsar. But he stayed until the end. He wanted to make his magazine a high level literary journal. Azad had realized the importance of Urdu in his youth and he had made his magazine as the spokesperson of Anjuman-e-Tarqi Urdu. It is important to make the mother tongue the medium of instruction. He went on to say that the mother tongue was the most suitable and appropriate medium of instruction. According to him, education is the key to social reform. Muslim intellectuals recognized Azad as the editor of “Lisan-e-Siddiq”. Was being taken hand in hand thanks to the beauty of and its sun dhajj.
Azad’s connection with Shibli Nomani proved to be a turning point in their mental evolution. Azad remained associated with “Al-Nadwa” from October 1 to March 3. This further increased his popularity among Muslim scholars and teachers. Of particular note are “Muslim Treasures”, “Justice in Islamic Countries” and “Women’s Rights”. He worked with great vision and skill At the request of Sheikh Ghulam Muhammad, the owner of the famous two-day newspaper “Vakil” of Amritsar, Azad took over its editorship from April to November. But due to his brother’s illness he had to return to Calcutta. The second period of his tenure as a lawyer was from August or September 2 to August 3. He made the newspaper three days long and its publication doubled. The newspaper exposed him to the realities of Indian politics and gave him experience on national issues. But when there were differences with the owner of the newspaper, he had to separate from it.
Returning to Calcutta after the first round of editing by Vakil, he republished the weekly in January, at the insistence of Muhammad Yusuf, the owner of Darul Sultanat. But he lived only a few days.
After parting ways with the “lawyer”, Azad was exploring the possibility of issuing his own pamphlet. Azad’s personality is imprinted on Al-Hilal. He made it clear on the pages of Al-Hilal that he had no commercial or personal interest in running this weekly. Al-Hilal was the first weekly picture magazine in Urdu, printed in a type imported from Turkey. He tried his best to make the pamphlet stand out and have a high standard. “Al-Hilal” changed the world of Urdu journalism. “Al-Hilal” was not just a newspaper but a movement. And created religious awareness. Oh, I wish I could get the Hour of Resurrection, which I would take with me to the high peaks of the mountains.
The same sound of thunder awakens the disgraceful dream of humiliation and disgrace
And shout and shout to get up, because now you think a lot and wake up
Because your God wants to honor you with life instead of death, rise instead of fall and honor instead of humiliation.
Through the pages of “Al-Hilal” he tried to divert Muslims from the path of loyalty to the British government. A large part of this weekly was dedicated to the Muslims of the Middle East and developing countries. Was gone Through Al-Hilal, his message to the Muslims was to unite against the foreign rulers. Azad was forced to close Al-Hilal under the Press Act, the last issue of which was on December 6.
But Maulana Azad was not one of the losers. This made their intentions even stronger. Therefore, they republished it on 2nd November, under the name of “Al-Balagh”, which was the second image of “Al-Hilal”. However, on March 1, it was closed due to the reprimand of the government. On March 2, Maulana was ordered to leave Bengal. All the provinces except Bihar had banned him from entering the area. So Maulana left for Ranchi and was detained a few months later. Were released. And these were the very last days of the year. Within two years of his release, he accepted the membership of the Congress and also issued the weekly “Message“.
Maulana had issued a pamphlet called ‘Peegham’ from Calcutta on September 2, the compilation of which was entrusted to Maulana Abdul Razzaq Malihabadi. In it, Maulana has published warlike writings, but due to other national and political responsibilities, he could not pay due attention to it. Independent and compliant Maulana Malihabadi went to jail on February 8 after the court verdict, and the ‘message’ was closed. Its last issue was published on December 4. He published the 15-day “Al-Jamia” in Arabic, the first issue of which was published on April 1. The magazine closed in March. This was the first Arabic magazine to be published in India. Its main purpose was to acquaint the Arab world with the political activities of India. Its main theme was the same as the message.
Then, almost twelve years later, the second period of “Al-Hilal” began and the first issue of this period was published on “June”. Etc. Maulana Abdul Razzaq Malihabadi was responsible for the publication of the pen and etc., but this time too the issue was published and closed on December 5.
It is unfortunate that Maulana Azad’s influence on Urdu journalism was limited. No one else was able to follow the path he had enlightened because the reason for his perfection was to reach his mental level and to adopt his unique style. Maulana Azad stands alone with his majesty and glory in the field of Urdu language.