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Maulana Abul Kalam Azad novel

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad gives standard and credibility to Urdu journalism by Razdan Shahid, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a genius and promising person. His religious, scholarly, literary, political, national and national services are very diverse and varied. Among the extraordinary mental and intellectual abilities that imprinted his deepest impressions on the hearts and minds of the people and influenced the whole era and environment, was a very prominent feature of his journalism which was his favorite for a long time. Hobby remained. Journalism was the beginning of his scholarly and literary life. Journalism was the means of fulfilling his mission for him. Journalism was given great dignity, honor and dignity by Maulana. Maulana Azad did not have a teacher in journalism. He was his own teacher. Did not receive training from At that time it had no arrangement and no operation. Maulana’s own God-given ability and extraordinary intelligence was his teacher and guide. The newspaper or magazine which he touched was given four moons. The master of editing Maulana devised for himself. And there were Turkish Arabic newspapers and magazines which came to Maulana. It is also worth mentioning that Maulana was aware of the techniques of journalism and its modern principles and codes and he did his best to modernize his journalism. Emphasis on newspaper get-up, printing and decoration, arranging typing, despite the lack of resources and resources to get your newspaper out of the country’s other language newspapers better and better, taking great care in news and articles and in printing. They cared about beauty. He considered journalism to be a powerful tool to breathe life into the country and the nation and to create a revolution.

 

Maulana’s journalistic career began at the age of about ten or eleven years. Old age At the age of eleven, poetry has been written by others, but this is probably the first and last example of regular editorial at this age. If left unchecked, this magazine will be published on January 2. Al-Misbah did not run for more than three or four months, but the pen continued to run. One article on the newspaper and its benefits and the other on Halat Khaqani Sherwani are relics of the same period. In May, he wrote an article about the power of the press, “Makhzan” for Lahore. It was a prominent literary magazine whose editor was Abdul Qadir Azad. There could be no greater distinction than for a person to edit his own pamphlet. During this period, the monthly poetry magazine of Munshi Nawbat Rai Nazar, Khadang Nazar, was added to the prose section in Lucknow and its editing was entrusted to Azad. In which Maulana’s articles continued to be published with all its splendor, every aspect of literature was tested. An important event of this year is the publication of “Ilan-ul-Haq”. This is Maulana’s first miscellaneous work according to research so far. For a few days, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad novel was also involved in the editing of “Adro Diggit” of “Shah Jahanpur”, but this is a ground and marginal event. Al-Misbah and Ahsan-ul-Akhbar are the only two newspapers that have a basic status. Couldn’t get out regularly due to difficulties and some independent illness. A total of twelve issues were published, including eight several-week joint issues. They set the following objectives for their magazine.

(1) Social reform of Muslims.

(2) Promoting Urdu especially in Bengal.

(3) Training of literary tastes in intellectuals.

(4) Criticism of literary works.

“Lisan al-Siddiq” shows. This pamphlet became very popular. Well-known magazines of the country like “Vakil” published very good comments in Amritsar. But he stayed until the end. He wanted to make his magazine a high level literary journal. Azad had realized the importance of Urdu in his youth and he had made his magazine as the spokesperson of Anjuman-e-Tarqi Urdu. It is important to make the mother tongue the medium of instruction. He went on to say that the mother tongue was the most suitable and appropriate medium of instruction. According to him, education is the key to social reform. Muslim intellectuals recognized Azad as the editor of “Lisan-e-Siddiq”. Was being taken hand in hand thanks to the beauty of and its sun dhajj.

Azad’s connection with Shibli Nomani proved to be a turning point in their mental evolution. Azad remained associated with “Al-Nadwa” from October 1 to March 3. This further increased his popularity among Muslim scholars and teachers. Of particular note are “Muslim Treasures”, “Justice in Islamic Countries” and “Women’s Rights”. He worked with great vision and skill At the request of Sheikh Ghulam Muhammad, the owner of the famous two-day newspaper “Vakil” of Amritsar, Azad took over its editorship from April to November. But due to his brother’s illness he had to return to Calcutta. The second period of his tenure as a lawyer was from August or September 2 to August 3. He made the newspaper three days long and its publication doubled. The newspaper exposed him to the realities of Indian politics and gave him experience on national issues. But when there were differences with the owner of the newspaper, he had to separate from it.

Returning to Calcutta after the first round of editing by Vakil, he republished the weekly in January, at the insistence of Muhammad Yusuf, the owner of Darul Sultanat. But he lived only a few days.

 

After parting ways with the “lawyer”, Azad was exploring the possibility of issuing his own pamphlet. Azad’s personality is imprinted on Al-Hilal. He made it clear on the pages of Al-Hilal that he had no commercial or personal interest in running this weekly. Al-Hilal was the first weekly picture magazine in Urdu, printed in a type imported from Turkey. He tried his best to make the pamphlet stand out and have a high standard. “Al-Hilal” changed the world of Urdu journalism. “Al-Hilal” was not just a newspaper but a movement. And created religious awareness. Oh, I wish I could get the Hour of Resurrection, which I would take with me to the high peaks of the mountains.

The same sound of thunder awakens the disgraceful dream of humiliation and disgrace

And shout and shout to get up, because now you think a lot and wake up

Because your God wants to honor you with life instead of death, rise instead of fall and honor instead of humiliation. 

Through the pages of “Al-Hilal” he tried to divert Muslims from the path of loyalty to the British government. A large part of this weekly was dedicated to the Muslims of the Middle East and developing countries. Was gone Through Al-Hilal, his message to the Muslims was to unite against the foreign rulers. Azad was forced to close Al-Hilal under the Press Act, the last issue of which was on December 6.

But Maulana Azad was not one of the losers. This made their intentions even stronger. Therefore, they republished it on 2nd November, under the name of “Al-Balagh”, which was the second image of “Al-Hilal”. However, on March 1, it was closed due to the reprimand of the government. On March 2, Maulana was ordered to leave Bengal. All the provinces except Bihar had banned him from entering the area. So Maulana left for Ranchi and was detained a few months later. Were released. And these were the very last days of the year. Within two years of his release, he accepted the membership of the Congress and also issued the weekly “Message“.

 

Maulana had issued a pamphlet called ‘Peegham’ from Calcutta on September 2, the compilation of which was entrusted to Maulana Abdul Razzaq Malihabadi. In it, Maulana has published warlike writings, but due to other national and political responsibilities, he could not pay due attention to it. Independent and compliant Maulana Malihabadi went to jail on February 8 after the court verdict, and the ‘message’ was closed. Its last issue was published on December 4. He published the 15-day “Al-Jamia” in Arabic, the first issue of which was published on April 1. The magazine closed in March. This was the first Arabic magazine to be published in India. Its main purpose was to acquaint the Arab world with the political activities of India. Its main theme was the same as the message.

Then, almost twelve years later, the second period of “Al-Hilal” began and the first issue of this period was published on “June”. Etc. Maulana Abdul Razzaq Malihabadi was responsible for the publication of the pen and etc., but this time too the issue was published and closed on December 5.

It is unfortunate that Maulana Azad’s influence on Urdu journalism was limited. No one else was able to follow the path he had enlightened because the reason for his perfection was to reach his mental level and to adopt his unique style. Maulana Azad stands alone with his majesty and glory in the field of Urdu language.

latest Novel The teachings of the great saint and human society

Latest Novel The teachings of the great saint and human society there is no doubt that Allah, the Lord of Glory, created man in the best form and gave him a beautiful shelter in the form of the world, but the ignorance, greed and selfishness of human beings have polluted the soil of the entire human race today. As a result, every member of the human race today, whether rich or poor, seems to be deprived of the riches of peace and tranquility.

Now the question is, what is behind it that man today is advanced in every way, he is commanding the moon, he is floating in the sea, he is ruling over the winds, yet he is longing for peace and tranquility? The main reason for this is that human beings have rebelled against their nature, changed the standard of their love and enmity, created deadly diseases like jealousy and envy, and blind love of wealth has taken away their consciousness, while On the contrary, it is very important for any nation and community to be endowed with human qualities, then it can form a better society and play a constructive role in the reform and welfare of human society, otherwise it will not.

Given the current situation, there is hardly a nation in the world that stands on the right standard of love and enmity, is free from the deadly disease of jealousy and envy, or is not killing humanity in the blind love of wealth, otherwise most nations. These evils are addictive from head to toe, and the funny thing is that every nation is feeling proud of it, while for all these things to be found in any nation, it is like drowning in a flood. Every society in general and Indian Muslim society in particular suffers a lot from the ills.

 

The standard of love and enmity: On what basis does a person love another person and on what basis is enmity, because love and enmity is also an important part of success in both worldly and religious societies. In spite of this, man should be deprived of the fragrance of Fuzoofalah. Thus, pointing out the basis of love and enmity, Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani says: If you are against the Qur’an and Sunnah in terms of deeds, then rejoice only in friendship and love with Allah and His Messenger. But if his deeds are in accordance with the Qur’an and Sunnah, then you still consider him an enemy, then you are caught up in the desires of the flesh and you have enmity for your personal purposes. Because of this hatred and enmity, Is a crime which is a crime, so repent from this hatred and enmity to Allah and ask Allah for the love of Him and His righteous servants and righteous people. Similarly, the deeds of the person whom you love. Examine the character in the light of the Qur’an and Sunnah. If his deeds are in accordance with the Qur’an and Sunnah then love him and if his deeds are against the Qur’an and Sunnah then consider him an enemy. So that your love and enmity do not remain subject to mere desires of the soul, because you have been commanded to oppose it: “Do not run after the desires of the soul, for it will lead you astray from the way of Allah.

Of course this address is addressed exclusively to Muslims but in its veil it is being addressed to the followers of all religions. That is to say, love and enmity should be based on good and evil and not in the name of caste, nation and community as it is prevalent in Indian society today.

Jealousy and Disease is a Disease: Diseases such as jealousy, enmity and jealousy are common among human beings nowadays, and people are suffering from this disease against their will. Socially calm. Therefore, emphasizing on avoiding jealousy and envy, latest Novel the elder says: “Why do I see you as jealous of my neighbor and neighbor? So he burns with his food, clothing and shelter, wife and property and other blessings bestowed by Allah Almighty. You do not know that jealousy is a dangerous disease which weakens the faith, turns away from the court and leads to disobedience to Allah. Like fire to wood. O poor thing, what do you envy him for? His fate or his own destiny? If he is jealous of their fate, then it is a gift from Allah, the Almighty says: We have distributed among them the means of subsistence in the life of this world. It is as if a person who is patient and grateful for the blessings of Allah Almighty is committing injustice through jealousy and envy. Ignorance and ignorance, know that your share will never be given to anyone else, because Allah the Exalted says: “My decision changes. No, nor do I oppress the slaves. There is hardly a country and a society that has escaped the scourge of jealousy and envy. In such an environment, the importance and necessity of the teachings of Bada Pir Sahib is doubled so that the country and society can be saved from the jealousy and resentment that has taken root in the hearts of the people in the name of religion, country, society and caste and the whole humanity. And be safe from bad diseases.

Wealth Minister’s fault: Wealth is such a thing that the essence seems good and good to someone. But it is better when there is no obstacle in fulfilling one’s duties and obligations (religious and social responsibility). That no misfortune or calamity should befall him. Warning in this regard, Bade Pir Sahib says: “If Allah Almighty grants you wealth and you turn away from the worship of Allah because of it, then in this world and in the hereafter Allah will make it a hijab for you and it is possible that Allah will protect you. Take away from you wealth and change your condition; and if you do not let wealth become an obstacle in the performance of the duties of worship of Allah, that wealth will be forgiven to you forever And you will be the servant of your Lord, the Blessed and Exalted. Visit here

The story is that the lust for wealth has blinded man to such an extent that violation of sacred relations and murder of human society has become commonplace today. There is an entity who has created all things and without the will of that great entity not even a single bird can be killed. At the same time, keep in mind the religious and social responsibilities.

Best novel by Italian Writer Gabriel Dentenzio

Best novel by Italian Writer Gabriel Dentenzio, Italy the most popular country in Europe, has given world-renowned names in the fields of tourism, fashion, politics, literature, painting and other fine arts. One such name in Italian classical poetry and literature is “Gabriel Dentenzio“, who on the one hand made a name for himself in various genres of literature, and on the other hand became a national hero among his people because of his practical participation in the First World War.

On his death, Mussolini, a prominent Italian leader, politician and former Prime Minister of Italy, paid tribute to him. Many famous places and institutions in Italy are named after this great writer. His private home is a museum, attracting a large number of fans from Italy and around the world. The literature he created is still parroted. The year of his birth is 1863, while the year of his death is 1938. Gained a prominent place in Italian literature from his creative literature in the period from 1889 to 1910, during this particular period he kept himself fully active and went on to perform one creative demonstration after another, not only that, but also when his When the clouds of war hovered over the country, especially when World War I broke out, they too took up arms and went to the battlefield to defend their country. In the ten years from 1914 to 1924, he also gained political and military identity for his caste.

 

Gabriel Dentenzio also influenced many literary movements and contributed to them. One of these movements was the “Decadent Movement”, which was ideologically close to the French literary movement “Symbolism” and the British literary movement “Aesthetics”. Gabriel Dentenzio was also intellectually influenced by Frederick Nietzsche, one of the greatest German philosophers of his time.

 

His first collection of poetry was published in 1882. Shortly afterwards, a collection of short stories was published, and his first novel was published in 1889. Among the works that Gabriel Dentenzio wrote throughout his literary career were 7 novels, 6 poems, and 3 legendary collections published. He also wrote a collection of 8 plays and 4 autobiographies. He also wrote a screenplay for one film, while two films were made on his life in 1985 and 2020. His third novel, The Entrepreneur(We have chosen The Intruder. The first English translation of this novel was done in 1897. A film was also made on this novel in 1912. Another film is “The Innocent”, a popular Italian film. The memorable film was made by the composer Licino Visconti. He co-wrote the script of the film with two other filmmakers and did justice to the novel with his instructions on the cinema screen. The film was first screened in 1976.

The film is also memorable in that it was the filmmaker’s last film, after which he died. All aspects of the film, including acting and music, have been impressive, which is why it is considered an important creation in Italian cinema. In 2020, Gabriel Dentenzio’s autobiographical film “Il cattivo poeta” has been made, which, after watching it, reveals how he divided his life between caste and creation.

On the one hand, he fully expressed his creative dispersed imagination and aesthetics, on the other hand, he jumped on the battlefield without fear and danger and gained the status of a national hero. This novel and the film based on it is an important addition to world literature.

Best novel faiz and loneliness

Best novel faiz and loneliness when the snare of poetry enters its siege and the wave of sarsari carries it wave by wave, when does the heart want to get out of this condition. Breaking this magical silence with a conversation is like scattering flower petals instead of enjoying the beauty and fragrance. Speaking or writing on Faiz’s poetry is like scattering petals.

Then why am I writing on Faiz? Perhaps I would like to come out of this trap and see the grace that was an extraordinary human being in his own right, who was a true intellectual both intellectually and practically, who maintained human dignity even in the worst of circumstances and the same of knowledge and wisdom. Stay on the level where only the truth is written. Faiz did not apologize for his pen and written words. Not from anyone, not from the elders, not from the contemporaries, not from the readers.

This wisdom is expressed in poetry, and with the condition of a true poet, it also creates some dimensions from the light of thought, where poetry becomes inspiration. Such poetry is free from the bondage of language and place. We are talking about the spirit of the age. novel in urdu says this soul is not present in modern poetry, then it remains nothing but lifeless words. It neither awakens the mood nor shakes the mind, nor does it evoke the invisible atmosphere that requires a great deal of art to feel. How poetry enters an invisible atmosphere is difficult to grasp. Just read Faiz’s poem and enter this siege.

 

From the heart will be the dead thing again, O heart, O heart

This is the beloved of loneliness

This is a guest for an hour, will go

When will this cure your love?

The savage shadows will rise in anger

It will go away, the rest of the shadows will be left

All night long your blood will be bad

War is over, no game, O heart

Enemies of life are all, all killers

This hard night too, this shadow too, loneliness too

There is no similarity between pain and war, O heart

Bring on the flames

Where is the flame of rage?

Where is that burning flower?

There is heat, there is movement, there is energy

There are two salient features of Faiz’s poetry. Resistance against imperialism and the system of exploitation. The love that is from the living lover. Romance is involved in both. In this way, the two sides are not divided into cells, but are connected to each other in most of the poems. So their resistance also seems very natural. Then they have their own dictionary which is the same in all kinds of emotions. Whether it is the bitterness of the situation or the sweetness of love, poetry and aesthetics are present in his poetry, but a very beautiful combination of the two can be felt.

 

In many such poems, he also addresses his beloved. His poetry transcends the scales of internal and external, and his belief in everything he writes involves his inner truth and sincerity. Thus, his poetry does not become a spot statement or slogan. For example

This stain is lightened, this night is enchanted

That was the wait, not the magic

This is not the magic you desire

Gone are the days that will be found somewhere

In the desert of the sky, the final destination of the stars

We became strangers after so many orbits

Then after many meetings they will become acquainted

In the poetry of Faiz, the depth from which the external sorrows emerge from the inner world, is the effect of the magic that awakens the poetry.

 

Faiz, who read in a very simple way, had a profound effect on the listeners. Faiz’s poetry is as influential in secret as it is in listening. Where did the intensity required for influence come from in Faiz’s poetry and how did it come continuously? An in-depth study of both Faiz’s poetry and prose is necessary to understand this mystery. Will the blessings still be fully revealed? Although much has been written about them. He has also written about those who have spent night and day with him and also those who have only seen, heard or read him.

 

Some things are written equally by everyone. Faiz spoke very little. He seemed satisfied in every situation. A faint smile was always on his face. No turmoil, no anxiety seemed to emanate from their caste. Faiz who was a poet, Faiz who was an intellectual. If his identity is revealed, then there is not only one dimension in his writing and poetry. If there is only one aspect, it is journalism. A major aspect of poetry is the poet’s own existence.

 

The canvas that emerges on the canvas, like a three-dimensional picture, is the poet’s own inner self. Faiz’s poetry is great poetry because in it all the colors are emerging on the canvas of his existence which simultaneously affects the heart and mind and also awakens the mood. Whether it is of happiness, of sorrow, of optimism, of despair, it keeps its reader under siege. In this siege of condition, the poet is completely alone when he suffers and writes. If I am confused about my point, then read Faiz’s poem “Loneliness”.

 

Loneliness

Then someone came to heart! No no

Tere will be a way, it will go somewhere else

Dark night, the dust of the towers began to disperse

Dream lamps began to stagger in the halls

Every passerby up to the sleeping path

Stranger footprints obscured by alien dust

Blow up the candles, increase the wine and the enamel

Lock up your sleepless doors

Now no one is here, no one will come

 

This article is not on this poem “Loneliness”, nor do I consider Faiz to be a loser. I consider Faiz to be the great poet who has incorporated every experience he has into poetry in such a way that it affects every sensitive individual and thus becomes a part of the collective consciousness. The sufferers and the sufferers live in the same society. Those who write under the pressure of circumstances write both of them. They also challenge the tyrannical forces that are spreading darkness.

 

We also invite the oppressed and the oppressed who are ready to accept this darkness. But how many people come forward to support the writer? Think, count. It is a matter of mixing voices in the sound of slogans, sitting in a ceremony and praising, but in the lonely corner in which that poet, that intellectual is writing sorrows scattered around him, who is there?

 

Except for his loneliness. Faiz has endured this loneliness all his life, whether in the form of a prison in his youth, in the form of exile in his last years or in the form of the silence of his compatriots while living in his homeland. Even if they talk to whom? Those who could only shout slogans, utter eulogies and then turn to those who support the forces of oppression. Faiz was a very sensitive poet. He wrote:

 

Others did not leave any navigator

 

No less reprehensible than your own Faiz had made his loneliness his strength. He kept himself locked in it all his life but he was not unhappy about it. He had this understanding which he wrote in his letter. “Sorrow and unhappiness are two different things. It is quite possible for a person to endure sorrow and be happy.” He lives because his pain is not cured by dying but by living. That is why he has been given the look that he can see beyond his own caste and beyond his promise. With this, every suffering is being borne.

Both were sad in the hope of enjoyment

You and your party, me and my loneliness

See Faiz’s thoughts in one of his letters:

 

“Before we went to prison, we thought captivity was a brave and lofty thing. Now it turns out that there is no article of courage or high morale in it. There is only pain and indescribable pain and the right feeling of this pain, I got from a captured bird of prey which we have been taking care of for some days. This is a small thank you that arrived at our bathroom a few days ago and was grabbed by our servant prisoner; that evening he somehow got out of the basket and flew to a tree in our yard.

 

His rope became entangled in the branches; his leg was broken in several places. Now he can neither fight nor hunt; one day his voice, which used to kill birds, sparrows and hawks, now they gather around him and laugh at him with one voice. And what are the voices? We see that the proud, shining eyes of sugar are blurred with pain at this humiliation. Birds can’t cry, but it fills the heart to see the helplessness of this helplessness; it will probably die in two or four days. ۔ It is only man’s destiny to live with his pain and his wounded heart because the cure for his pain is not death but life. That is why the faith and the vision that can be seen beyond its essence and beyond its covenant has been given In these words of Faiz, one can recognize the intellectual who looks beyond his age, whose sensitive existence is dissatisfied with his age. He wants change and is committed to paving the way for a better future. When his thoughts are expressed, he becomes a threat to the reactionaries. There are conspiracies against it and the common backward minds become allies of the reactionaries.

 

In such a case the intellectual becomes lonely with his truth. Being alone does not mean that he is alone. This loneliness can be in the company of a few people and even in a crowded place. The situation of Faiz Sahib’s personal loneliness has been described in great detail by Major Muhammad Ishaq, who spent months and years of captivity with him under the title “Rudad-e-Qafs”.

 

Faiz Sahib was imprisoned on March 9, 1951 and released in April 1955. Thus the days of their captivity become a little over four years. During this period he spent the first three months in Sargodha and Lyallpur jails and then till July 53 in Hyderabad (Sindh) jail with the rest of the prisoners in the Rawalpindi conspiracy case. In July 1953, we were all divided into small groups and sent to Lahore, Montgomery, Machh (Balochistan) and Hyderabad jails. For Faiz Sahib, Montgomery Central Jail was chosen along with my Captain Khuzrahiat, but since he had gone to Karachi for treatment, he went to Montgomery in 1953.

 

Staying together from here. I was arrested in May 1951, about three months after Faiz’s arrest. That is why God’s people kept hearing whispers. During this time, Faiz Sahib was not allowed to meet his close friends. Nor could he write to anyone. There were all sorts of rumors about him and weird weird tales about how he was treated in prison. When I first met him in Hyderabad Jail, I was satisfied. The same smiling forehead, the same shining eyes, the same Gautami smile whose light was spreading everywhere, and then that world-conquering love, which Listen and feel this experience from Faiz too:

 

Everyone in Bazm was happy with the milk of Sarbzam

Enlightenment burned us in vain

Feeling we have ‘Run out of gas’ emotionally

The mosque did not keep us confused

Knowing all, seeing all, understanding all, suffering and not compromising is the identity of an intellectual. The sorrow of awareness is the destiny of those who continue to enjoy grace and keep writing.

What was it like to change clothes?

Faiz never gave a respite

 

If Faiz did not change his clothes, then the chalk of an entire era was reflected in his poetry. This covenant is not limited to the geographical boundaries of any one region, it is not limited to borders, languages ​​and nationalities. It is the pledge of a creator who shares the thoughts of his contemporaries. Who feels their pain in every corner of the globe where people live.

 

Appreciates their good deeds, is depressed over their bad deeds. Beirut, Palestine, Iran, Chile, Russia, Faiz has loved the people of every country, befriended their poets and writers. Read his writings and join his caravan to fulfill his promise. It was this companionship that made modern thought a part of his speech. He writes:

In the company of rich people of speech, many new passages of expression, many new forms of lyrical speech kept appearing in the mind which kept provoking them to turn into poetry. For example, an attribution poem that was written from time to time for several months, some of it was closed in Moscow, some in Sochi, some in London and some in Karachi. This poem actually came to mind from the company of Pablo Roda and was written in his memory. “Rang hai dil ka mare”, “Ahastha” and one or two poems are a reflection of Nazim Hikmat.

Faiz himself has said what he had to say about himself. With great ease, he expressed such universal feelings that his poetry did not need to be interpreted. Read, feel and enter the siege where loneliness feels good