Tag: novel

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad novel

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad gives standard and credibility to Urdu journalism by Razdan Shahid, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a genius and promising person. His religious, scholarly, literary, political, national and national services are very diverse and varied. Among the extraordinary mental and intellectual abilities that imprinted his deepest impressions on the hearts and minds of the people and influenced the whole era and environment, was a very prominent feature of his journalism which was his favorite for a long time. Hobby remained. Journalism was the beginning of his scholarly and literary life. Journalism was the means of fulfilling his mission for him. Journalism was given great dignity, honor and dignity by Maulana. Maulana Azad did not have a teacher in journalism. He was his own teacher. Did not receive training from At that time it had no arrangement and no operation. Maulana’s own God-given ability and extraordinary intelligence was his teacher and guide. The newspaper or magazine which he touched was given four moons. The master of editing Maulana devised for himself. And there were Turkish Arabic newspapers and magazines which came to Maulana. It is also worth mentioning that Maulana was aware of the techniques of journalism and its modern principles and codes and he did his best to modernize his journalism. Emphasis on newspaper get-up, printing and decoration, arranging typing, despite the lack of resources and resources to get your newspaper out of the country’s other language newspapers better and better, taking great care in news and articles and in printing. They cared about beauty. He considered journalism to be a powerful tool to breathe life into the country and the nation and to create a revolution.

 

Maulana’s journalistic career began at the age of about ten or eleven years. Old age At the age of eleven, poetry has been written by others, but this is probably the first and last example of regular editorial at this age. If left unchecked, this magazine will be published on January 2. Al-Misbah did not run for more than three or four months, but the pen continued to run. One article on the newspaper and its benefits and the other on Halat Khaqani Sherwani are relics of the same period. In May, he wrote an article about the power of the press, “Makhzan” for Lahore. It was a prominent literary magazine whose editor was Abdul Qadir Azad. There could be no greater distinction than for a person to edit his own pamphlet. During this period, the monthly poetry magazine of Munshi Nawbat Rai Nazar, Khadang Nazar, was added to the prose section in Lucknow and its editing was entrusted to Azad. In which Maulana’s articles continued to be published with all its splendor, every aspect of literature was tested. An important event of this year is the publication of “Ilan-ul-Haq”. This is Maulana’s first miscellaneous work according to research so far. For a few days, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad novel was also involved in the editing of “Adro Diggit” of “Shah Jahanpur”, but this is a ground and marginal event. Al-Misbah and Ahsan-ul-Akhbar are the only two newspapers that have a basic status. Couldn’t get out regularly due to difficulties and some independent illness. A total of twelve issues were published, including eight several-week joint issues. They set the following objectives for their magazine.

(1) Social reform of Muslims.

(2) Promoting Urdu especially in Bengal.

(3) Training of literary tastes in intellectuals.

(4) Criticism of literary works.

“Lisan al-Siddiq” shows. This pamphlet became very popular. Well-known magazines of the country like “Vakil” published very good comments in Amritsar. But he stayed until the end. He wanted to make his magazine a high level literary journal. Azad had realized the importance of Urdu in his youth and he had made his magazine as the spokesperson of Anjuman-e-Tarqi Urdu. It is important to make the mother tongue the medium of instruction. He went on to say that the mother tongue was the most suitable and appropriate medium of instruction. According to him, education is the key to social reform. Muslim intellectuals recognized Azad as the editor of “Lisan-e-Siddiq”. Was being taken hand in hand thanks to the beauty of and its sun dhajj.

Azad’s connection with Shibli Nomani proved to be a turning point in their mental evolution. Azad remained associated with “Al-Nadwa” from October 1 to March 3. This further increased his popularity among Muslim scholars and teachers. Of particular note are “Muslim Treasures”, “Justice in Islamic Countries” and “Women’s Rights”. He worked with great vision and skill At the request of Sheikh Ghulam Muhammad, the owner of the famous two-day newspaper “Vakil” of Amritsar, Azad took over its editorship from April to November. But due to his brother’s illness he had to return to Calcutta. The second period of his tenure as a lawyer was from August or September 2 to August 3. He made the newspaper three days long and its publication doubled. The newspaper exposed him to the realities of Indian politics and gave him experience on national issues. But when there were differences with the owner of the newspaper, he had to separate from it.

Returning to Calcutta after the first round of editing by Vakil, he republished the weekly in January, at the insistence of Muhammad Yusuf, the owner of Darul Sultanat. But he lived only a few days.

 

After parting ways with the “lawyer”, Azad was exploring the possibility of issuing his own pamphlet. Azad’s personality is imprinted on Al-Hilal. He made it clear on the pages of Al-Hilal that he had no commercial or personal interest in running this weekly. Al-Hilal was the first weekly picture magazine in Urdu, printed in a type imported from Turkey. He tried his best to make the pamphlet stand out and have a high standard. “Al-Hilal” changed the world of Urdu journalism. “Al-Hilal” was not just a newspaper but a movement. And created religious awareness. Oh, I wish I could get the Hour of Resurrection, which I would take with me to the high peaks of the mountains.

The same sound of thunder awakens the disgraceful dream of humiliation and disgrace

And shout and shout to get up, because now you think a lot and wake up

Because your God wants to honor you with life instead of death, rise instead of fall and honor instead of humiliation. 

Through the pages of “Al-Hilal” he tried to divert Muslims from the path of loyalty to the British government. A large part of this weekly was dedicated to the Muslims of the Middle East and developing countries. Was gone Through Al-Hilal, his message to the Muslims was to unite against the foreign rulers. Azad was forced to close Al-Hilal under the Press Act, the last issue of which was on December 6.

But Maulana Azad was not one of the losers. This made their intentions even stronger. Therefore, they republished it on 2nd November, under the name of “Al-Balagh”, which was the second image of “Al-Hilal”. However, on March 1, it was closed due to the reprimand of the government. On March 2, Maulana was ordered to leave Bengal. All the provinces except Bihar had banned him from entering the area. So Maulana left for Ranchi and was detained a few months later. Were released. And these were the very last days of the year. Within two years of his release, he accepted the membership of the Congress and also issued the weekly “Message“.

 

Maulana had issued a pamphlet called ‘Peegham’ from Calcutta on September 2, the compilation of which was entrusted to Maulana Abdul Razzaq Malihabadi. In it, Maulana has published warlike writings, but due to other national and political responsibilities, he could not pay due attention to it. Independent and compliant Maulana Malihabadi went to jail on February 8 after the court verdict, and the ‘message’ was closed. Its last issue was published on December 4. He published the 15-day “Al-Jamia” in Arabic, the first issue of which was published on April 1. The magazine closed in March. This was the first Arabic magazine to be published in India. Its main purpose was to acquaint the Arab world with the political activities of India. Its main theme was the same as the message.

Then, almost twelve years later, the second period of “Al-Hilal” began and the first issue of this period was published on “June”. Etc. Maulana Abdul Razzaq Malihabadi was responsible for the publication of the pen and etc., but this time too the issue was published and closed on December 5.

It is unfortunate that Maulana Azad’s influence on Urdu journalism was limited. No one else was able to follow the path he had enlightened because the reason for his perfection was to reach his mental level and to adopt his unique style. Maulana Azad stands alone with his majesty and glory in the field of Urdu language.

“Sad Generations” The war of story and imagery Novel

“Sad Generations” The war of story and imagery Novel fazil Jafari believes that it is not necessary to know the literary ideas and beliefs of its creator before criticizing or at least voting on any creation. Neither the author’s social background nor his literary beliefs should stand in the way of criticizing any work because of the currents of textual criticism that emanate from Miraji. Then there has been the realization of the fact that from Shams-ur-Rehman Farooqi to almost all the critics of Urdu that in any work of art the author presents a reflection of his social background consciously or unconsciously. As far as the sad races are concerned, one of its virtues is that it does not feel the echo of Abdullah Hussain’s literary beliefs anywhere, but on some occasions he has expressed his semi-philosophical views. In most places throughout the novel, the psychology of the characters has been analyzed in terms of their social background. The number of races would be much higher than it is today. Despite some technical flaws in the very early chapter of the kitabghar novel and the slow flow of the story in future chapters as well as the author’s inappropriate speeches in the last part, the charm of narrative in some places still keeps the reader’s attention away from these flaws. As long as the author himself does not make any technical mistake or unreasonable imagery to break this spell. The study of sad races is like traveling on a stormy and dark night when intermittent lightning flashes travel a long way and the traveler wishes that this lightning would always shine forever. Can only invent a few sentences to describe the sunset scene and for that

It is also a condition that they be an integral part of the story. 

Abdullah Hussain may not have seen these words of Bedi, but in the sad generation he has focused from the beginning to the end only on the narrative narrative and as far as the concentration of the story and its centrality in fiction is concerned. In sad generations, storytelling is secondary to imagery. Imagery is not a defect. It is through this that the author forms his desired area or era in the story and if it is not, then even in the best story. The charm that keeps the reader gripped by itself cannot be created, however, it should not be the case that after every half a row, two pages should be devoted to imagery, and even for minor and minor incidents, all attention should be focused on the imagery. Be given One of the disadvantages of doing so is that the reader’s mind becomes entangled in the scene instead of moving forward with the events. It has to be said that if its imagery is separated from the sad races, then the thickness of this novel will be less than half. Abdullah Hussain, on the other hand, knew the art of writing interesting prose in any case and this quality of his is evident only in the narration of scenes. At the beginning of the novel, there is a description of Roshan Agha’s invitation to the palace or Naeem’s participation in the First World War and his brief stay in Cairo, France and Sir Kat Camp or a literal depiction of the captivating scenes of these cities.

Silently in the light of the sacred fat in the garden of the bright palace

Food was being eaten The tall white trees stood still. Beyond the tables

A fountain was silently gushing water in the dark. Naeem raised his head from the meal

Seen The whole atmosphere was magical.

The sun was shining brightly in the Egyptian sky and the earth was as dry and hard as the years

Have not seen the shape of water. The race course was in the shape of a very large circle with three

The camp was spread over a quarter of the area. To the south were brown, dry, rocky hills

Whose stones had been inclined to the constant heat of the sun and rapidly blackened, and had the same color on them

The mountain goats used to graze. Cairo was spread to the north and west

Bedouin donkey carts and camel carts dressed in rustic Arabic costumes on wide paved roads

They used to sell vegetables and milk. To the east was the desert and the shining sand

There were mounds behind which the sun shone every morning on Cairo and on the race course camp.

And tired, dusty, tired soldiers would rise on their faces

This and many such fine examples of imagery are found on every third page of Sad Generations. Abdullah Hussain has used them frequently but the reader reads the novel only for the sake of the story and the unavailability of the story. His nature becomes cumbersome.

The geographical background of the sad races covers Delhi and Roshanpur as a whole, but in some places Calcutta and finally Lahore and its environs are also presented as background. All major and popular Urdu novels have a tradition of clearly presenting the location of the story, but in the sad races no external information has been provided about them other than the names of the areas, which has led to the location of these areas. To be better understood. If the novel had the name of Madras and Meerut or any other city instead of Delhi and Roshanpur, it would not have made a clear difference in the overall impression of the story. The other thing that is more important to me is that fiction cannot be fiction unless the flow of time is neatly presented in it and in a novel time is more involved than fiction, according to Fazil Jafri. “In short, time is identified by its attitude towards fiction while in the novel, time itself is the character” (1). Flows on the chest of time and finds its surface . That is, the flow of time or time is necessary for fiction in any case. Has made successful attempts to break the historical traditional mythical structure of Intezar Hussain is our only fiction writer who completely integrates the past with the present. They do not confuse in temporal time, here the story travels on its historical letter. As far as Abdullah Hussein is concerned, he has scattered the whole story of sad generations from the first decade of the twentieth century to some time after the partition of the country. Forty-five years of time gives a great canvas to any novel in which the novelist can very easily and skillfully present the flow of time to the reader. It does not seem to be moving forward again and again. The author himself informs the reader that five years have passed now or six years have passed today or his marriage will be three years tomorrow and so on. In this connection, the name of God’s town comes to mind. There is very little time span of God Basti among the sad generations, but the example of Shaukat Siddiqui’s artistic skill with which he has kept the time period of only four or five years in the whole novel, is found in very few people From a great fiction writer like Abdullah Hussain, the reader does not expect him to stand up again and again like Munshi Parin Chand or Sohail Azimabadi and start his speech and he has to sit holding the hand of Baran again and again. In fact, it is common for all writers who are influenced by Idealism to make speeches in their writings. The things that are left out of their correctional articles, they somehow bring in their stories and call it a verbal character. I do not want to add my name to the list of nonsense by denying the social and correctional services of the objectivists. Abdullah Hussain was not an idealist at all, but in the last part of the sad generation, he himself descends into the novel. Dr. Ansari, Anis-ur-Rehman and the role of the old professor during the migration are all incarnations of Abdullah Hussain who is born in the novel as required for the extraction of his semi-philosophical idea and unnecessary and long speech without palace. Let’s start. Apart from them, the main character of the novel is Naeem who does not engage in philosophical discourse anywhere in the novel but after passing one third of the novel, the semi-philosophical spirit of Abdullah Hussain gets embedded in his body and he thinks the same and Says what the author wants. Despite Naeem’s attainment of Nirvana after passing through the age of heart, his detachment from life during the migration and finally being killed by the rebels does not in any way correspond to the nature of a person who has attained Nirvana.

“What do you base your imagination on?” You can’t put imagination into action without a reason. The mind and the thoughts

You need more than luck to succeed in affiliate business

You can think and save your mind from destruction. Thoughts are based on nothingness

Can’t put on If you ever do that, your thoughts will speed up instead of moving in a particular direction

Will scatter here and there and shatter the brain.

Anis-ur-Rehman’s speech is almost double that of Dr. Ansari’s speech. See also his words. It is so useless and this feeling is very frightening.

We walk, floor to floor, face to face, talking

On the other hand, even if we get tired and sad and peace disappears from our heart

Is. Then the desire for silent forests arises.

And look at the sayings of the old professor whom Naeem meets during the migration.

“Before that there were ideals and there was wandering. If I were to describe in detail, you would say that it is wandering

Was life But no, that was just wandering. I found out much later. Ideal Original and correct

Ideals are formed in a completely normal state. In the minds that are strong, great and senseless

There are those who have only imagination and have highs and lows. People on whom someone

There is no pressure.

These eloquent statements of Dr. Ansari and Anis-ur-Rehman are still acceptable as they both express these views while talking to Naeem but there is no justification for the words of the professor. He is uttering such philosophical words at a time when the senses of those with the strongest nerves are weakened after seeing something lying in front of their eyes. Apart from these characters, most of the characters of the sad races are quite natural and Presents practical pictures of ups and downs. Ezra Colonial is a symbol of a woman in the landlord system of India whose psychology has been presented in great detail by Abdullah Hussain. In fact, the whole Roshan Mahal is a symbol of the landlord system where people want the welfare and freedom of the country on the condition that their own home be protected from the flames of destruction. Niaz Beg is a symbol of a pure farmer who spends his whole life just caring for his house. Although the roles of Ali, Najmi, Pervez, Khalid, Masood etc. are not very important, they are complete in their own right. Of course, Abdullah Hussain has worked hard to improve their personality.

 

For the fiction writers of the last century, the tragedy of Partition of India and the formation of early Pakistani society and its psychological background have come to the fore in the form of a great artistic experience. I have used it directly or indirectly. In the last parts of Intezar Hussain’s “Basti” and Qara-ul-Ain Haider’s “River of Fire” and in Shaukat Siddiqui’s “God’s Basti” the formation and psychology of this early Pakistani society has been analyzed. The good thing is that these people have seen this new society not with any ‘ideology’ but with their own eyes. As far as the sad races are concerned, this novel started at the beginning, ie Abdullah Hussain started writing it after studying the psychology of this new pakistani society for full nine years but he was the only one in this new pakistani society. He could only describe the psychology of the family who migrated from the ‘Roshan Mahal’ of Delhi to the ‘Raj Manzil’ of Lahore and for that too they are satisfied with only ten or twelve pages. The structure is left out of the narrative, which could have added to the subcontinent, albeit not the universality of the novel.

Best novel by Italian Writer Gabriel Dentenzio

Best novel by Italian Writer Gabriel Dentenzio, Italy the most popular country in Europe, has given world-renowned names in the fields of tourism, fashion, politics, literature, painting and other fine arts. One such name in Italian classical poetry and literature is “Gabriel Dentenzio“, who on the one hand made a name for himself in various genres of literature, and on the other hand became a national hero among his people because of his practical participation in the First World War.

On his death, Mussolini, a prominent Italian leader, politician and former Prime Minister of Italy, paid tribute to him. Many famous places and institutions in Italy are named after this great writer. His private home is a museum, attracting a large number of fans from Italy and around the world. The literature he created is still parroted. The year of his birth is 1863, while the year of his death is 1938. Gained a prominent place in Italian literature from his creative literature in the period from 1889 to 1910, during this particular period he kept himself fully active and went on to perform one creative demonstration after another, not only that, but also when his When the clouds of war hovered over the country, especially when World War I broke out, they too took up arms and went to the battlefield to defend their country. In the ten years from 1914 to 1924, he also gained political and military identity for his caste.

 

Gabriel Dentenzio also influenced many literary movements and contributed to them. One of these movements was the “Decadent Movement”, which was ideologically close to the French literary movement “Symbolism” and the British literary movement “Aesthetics”. Gabriel Dentenzio was also intellectually influenced by Frederick Nietzsche, one of the greatest German philosophers of his time.

 

His first collection of poetry was published in 1882. Shortly afterwards, a collection of short stories was published, and his first novel was published in 1889. Among the works that Gabriel Dentenzio wrote throughout his literary career were 7 novels, 6 poems, and 3 legendary collections published. He also wrote a collection of 8 plays and 4 autobiographies. He also wrote a screenplay for one film, while two films were made on his life in 1985 and 2020. His third novel, The Entrepreneur(We have chosen The Intruder. The first English translation of this novel was done in 1897. A film was also made on this novel in 1912. Another film is “The Innocent”, a popular Italian film. The memorable film was made by the composer Licino Visconti. He co-wrote the script of the film with two other filmmakers and did justice to the novel with his instructions on the cinema screen. The film was first screened in 1976.

The film is also memorable in that it was the filmmaker’s last film, after which he died. All aspects of the film, including acting and music, have been impressive, which is why it is considered an important creation in Italian cinema. In 2020, Gabriel Dentenzio’s autobiographical film “Il cattivo poeta” has been made, which, after watching it, reveals how he divided his life between caste and creation.

On the one hand, he fully expressed his creative dispersed imagination and aesthetics, on the other hand, he jumped on the battlefield without fear and danger and gained the status of a national hero. This novel and the film based on it is an important addition to world literature.